sulfide type copper ore dump leaching plant


Phelps Dodge Morenci Has Converted All Copper Production ...

The new "mine-for-leach" process uses bacteria to extract copper from the ore and solvent extraction/electrowinning (SX/EW) to recover copper from the resulting leach liquor. Phelps Dodge has ceased all recovery of copper from sulfide mineral concentrates by means of conventional smelting operations at its Morenci, Arizona operations. Hydrometallurgical leaching of copper sulphides is a n option to conside r, regardless of the feed material. Several developing countries have adopted policies that target downstream value addition to

Copper Ore - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

In 1993, the company started operations for consolidated treatment of mixed copper oxides and fully sulfide copper ores and the use of thin-layer leaching. Mobile heap stacking on reusable pads was used for crushed ores (90% less than 12.5 mm) which were pre … of copper from low-grade sulfide ores by bioleaching is essential. The physical, chemical, and microbial factors involved in a leaching environment, thecharacteristics of ore for leaching, and the type of leaching process are the most important factors affecting the microbial oxidation of metals. Some

sulfide type copper ore EPC plant - schoolvoorherat.nl

sulfide type gold or e rod mill. Copper processing is a complicated process that begins with mining of the ore less than 1 copper and ends with sheets of 99 99 pure copper called cathodes which will ultimately be made into products for everyday use The most common types of ore copper oxide and copper sulfide undergo two different processes hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy respectively due … 453 Acid leaching of oxide–sulfide copper ore prior the flotation – A way for an increased metal recovery Miroslav D. Sokić1, Vladan D. Milošević1, Velizar D. Stanković2, Vladislav Lj.Matković1, Branislav R. Marković1 1Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials, Belgrade, Serbia 2University of Belgrade, Technical Faculty, Bor, Serbia

Sulfide Ores - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Sulfide Ores. Sulphide ores were mostly created by (i) the intrusion of molten magma from the mantle into the crust of the earth and (ii) the formation of localized metal-rich sulphide ore bodies by sequential solidification and/or hydrothermal leaching and precipitation. From: Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals, 2011 The improvement in the method of recovering copper from low grade ore containing oxidized copper ore which comprises establishing a dump of such ore in fragmented form, substantially completely wetting the ore in the dump with strong aqueous sulfuric acid containing at least about 100 g/l H 2 SO 4, allowing the acid wetted ore to age for a period of at least about three days, thereafter ...

Dump Leaching - Metallurgist & Mineral Processing Engineer

Table of ContentsColumn Leach StudiesNature of Iron Species involved in Dump LeachingStudy of the Chemical Composition of DumpsIron Oxidation and Hydrolysis The dump leaching of low-grade copper ores, as an integral part of the open-pit mining operations in the Southwest, has been practiced for the last fifty years and is increasing in importance as one of the major sources of copper. The ... Copper recycle from sulfide tailings using combined leaching of ammonia solution and alkaline bacteria Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Cleaner Production 189 · April 2018 with 435 Reads

Minerals | Free Full-Text | Copper Bioleaching in China ...

The commercial application of copper bioleaching, an environmentally-friendly approach for low-grade and secondary mineral resources recycling, has increased worldwide since the 2000s. As the world's second-largest economic entity and the largest developing country, China has the largest demand for metal resources, significantly advancing the theory and industrial technology of copper ... Copper processing is a complicated process that begins with mining of the ore (less than 1% copper) and ends with sheets of 99.99% pure copper called cathodes, which will ultimately be made into products for everyday use.The most common types of ore, copper oxide and copper sulfide, undergo two different processes, hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy, respectively, due to the different ...

(PDF) Modelling of bioleaching copper sulphide ores in ...

The kinetics of the bioleaching of a low-grade copper ore was studied in a pilot-scale leaching column over a period of 360 days using an open-circuit leaching regime with a fresh sulfuric acid ... Dump leaching of low-tenor ores is a simple procedure whereby leach solution is distributed over the top of the dump to dissolve the copper minerals as the solution percolates through the bed. The enriched leach liquor is collected at the base of the dump, treated to recover the copper, and recycled to the dump.

The Alteration Mechanism of Copper-bearing Biotite and ...

Oct 21, 2019· The copper deposits in the world are widely distributed across five continents including more than 150 countries 1.According to the proportion of oxide minerals and sulfide minerals in copper ores ... @article{osti_6607857, title = {Geothermal energy for copper dump leaching}, author = {White, D H and Goldstone, L A}, abstractNote = {This report evaluates the possibility of using geothermal energy to heat a sulfuric acid leaching solution for the purpose of faster and more efficient copper recovery from copper-containing minerals. . Experimental studies reported in the literature have shown ...

Chapter 6 Copper Production Technology

Copper ores 0.2-6.0 Copper ore, other minerals, waste rock0.2-6.0 (gangue) Copper minerals,b iron and other metallic0.5-6.0 pyrites, byproducts, andgangue Solution of copper and leaching agent20-50 (water orHAO.) Copper, iron (0.2-2.00/0), trace amounts of85-90 silica and aluminum oxides, and oxygen Organic solvent and pregnantIeachate; 25-35 Sep 02, 2016· The next video is starting stop. Loading...

Recovery of Gold in Pyritic Sulfide Ores - Mine Engineer.Com

Recovery of gold in sulfide ores has fallen into several categories. First is froth flotation, and second is cyanidation of the ores. Using cyanide to recover gold from sulfide ores generally results in 30 to 35% recovery, and the best I have heard of is around 50% recovery. The fine coating of a iron compound definitely appears to be a key ... Dump Leach Project - Inspiration Copper - Arizona, USA - Undertook process design and start-up of SX plant (1978-79) Ferric Cure Project - Inspiration Copper - Arizona, USA - Supervised process work during detailed design of heap leach facilities for mixed oxide/sulphide ore and study of new crushing plant …

Copper Mining and Extraction: Oxide Ores

Extraction of sulfide ores is covered in more detail in Copper Mining and Extraction: Sulfide Ores (11–14), but is introduced here because an important by-product of this process is used for the extraction of oxide ores. Pyroprocessing Sulfide Ores Provides Acid for Leaching. The process used to treat sulfide copper ores … Processing Sulfide Ores Historically, miners have shipped their sulfide concentrates to overseas smelters that have little to no regulations or emissions controls. However, with the implementation of the Mercury Export Ban of 2008 and the high costs of installing equipment to prepare sulfide ores for cyanide leaching, many companies are ...

Bacterial leaching of ores and other materials

Chiefly copper ores of the porphyric type (disseminated copper ores) with low concentrations of copper (below 0.6% Cu) are leached in this way. For instance in some states of the U.S.A. at some open pit mines, in which low grade copper ores are excavated, big dump leaching facilities are operated. Gold ore . Prominer maintains a team of senior gold processing engineers with expertise and global experience. These gold professionals are specifically in gold processing through various beneficiation technologies, for gold ore of different characteristics, such as flotation, cyanide leaching, gravity separation, etc., to achieve the processing plant of optimal and cost-efficient process designs.

Copper Mining and Processing: Processing of Copper Ores ...

Copper processing is a complicated process that begins with mining of the ore (less than 1% copper) and ends with sheets of 99.99% pure copper called cathodes, which will ultimately be made into products for everyday use.The most common types of ore, copper oxide and copper sulfide, undergo two different processes, hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy, respectively, due to the different ... Tailings are the materials left over after the process of separating the valuable fraction from the uneconomic fraction of an ore.Tailings are distinct from overburden, which is the waste rock or other material that overlies an ore or mineral body and is displaced during mining without being processed.. The extraction of minerals from ore …

Ore column leaching with thermophiles: I, copper sulfide ...

1. Introduction. The discovery of mineral sulfide-oxidising thermophiles in a large scale simulation of copper ore heap leaching (Murr and Brierley, 1978) increased interest in their potential application in acidic ore dump and heap leaching.Two morphologically-distinct, rod-shaped, moderately thermophilic bacteria described at that time came from the large scale simulation (Brierley and ... Copper extraction was over 90 per cent, and the leach liquor was purified by SX-EW to produce premium-grade cathode copper. A 500 kg/day demonstration pilot plant with integrated SX-EW facilities was commissioned and operated at the Industrias Peñoles facility in Monterrey, Mexico, during 2001.

Sulfide Mineral - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

In 1997, a dump leaching plant was built with a grade of 0.09% Cu. Leaching rate was only about 9%–10% with an annual production of 1500 tons. In 2008, the use of mesophiles, moderate and extreme thermophiles was demonstrated in pilot heaps of 10,000 tons of ore … The effective diffusivities were determined by fitting calculated leaching curves with experimental leaching data. Vertical variations in leach solution composition and temperature within a dump are not considered in this model. The model accurately predicted copper extractions for several large-scale tests during nearly 500 days of leaching.

Copper Sulfide - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

All copper sulfides require the presence of Fe 3+ and O 2 as oxidizing agents for leaching to occur. The copper sulfide is oxidized by Fe 3+.The resulting Fe 2+ is reoxidized to Fe 3+ by O 2.The Fe(II)/Fe(III) redox couple acts in a catalytic manner in these reactions (shown for elevated-temperature reaction conditions where the sulfur-containing product is sulfate, rather than the elemental ... Leaching studies were conducted on coarse oxide and sulfide copper ores in small laboratory columns and in large concrete columns in the field. These studies were designed to determine the influence of various chemical and physical parameters on heap leaching and to establish a correlation between laboratory and field testing.

4. Beneficiation of Copper Ore

Oxide ores (and certain sulfide ores) are placed onto a leach pad and saturated with weak acid solutions that dissolve the copper mineral content. The resulting copper-bearing solution is collected and pumped to a solvent extraction plant. Oxide ores and leaching. Oxide ores (and certain sulfide ores) are placed onto a leach pad and saturated with weak sulfuric acid solution that dissolves the copper mineral content. The resulting copper-bearing solution is collected and pumped to a solvent extraction plant. Smelting and Extraction. Sulfide Ore

Dynamic of active microorganisms inhabiting a bioleaching ...

Introduction. Heap bioleaching is currently the most successful technology for the extraction of base metals from low‐grade sulfide ores (Watling, 2006), and during the last few decades this technology has become increasingly important due to the depletion of high‐grade copper ores and the existence of huge natural reserves of copper in the form of secondary copper sulfides (Galleguillos ... Methods of leaching sulphide ores can be: in absence of oxidizing agents in presence of oxidizing agents Bacterial leaching Absence of oxidizing agents Acid leaching: Dilute acids dissolve some metal sulphides with liberation of H2S, e.g. ZnS + 2H+ ^ Zn2+ + H2S Three types of sulphides can be encountered. Completely soluble sulphides: Zns, CoS, NiS, FeS Slightly soluble, e.g. FeS2. Insoluble ...

Waste Dump Leaching Copper

This report describes the development by the Bureau of a dump leaching model for determining the response of copper sulfide minerals to many of the conditions in large dumps leached with acidic ferric sulfate solution. The model can provide an upper limit for copper extraction from a dump containing copper as sulfide minerals. Copper Processing Plant description: There are mainly three types of copper ore: sulfide type copper ore, oxide type copper ore and mixed ore. Based on abundant experiences on copper mining project, Prominer supplies customized solution for different types of copper ore. General processing technologies for copper ore are summarized as below:

Heap leaching - Wikipedia

Heap leaching is an industrial mining process used to extract precious metals, copper, uranium, and other compounds from ore using a series of chemical reactions that absorb specific minerals and re-separate them after their division from other earth materials. Similar to in situ mining, heap leach mining differs in that it places ore on a liner, then adds the chemicals via drip systems to the ... 453 Acid leaching of oxide–sulfide copper ore prior the flotation – A way for an increased metal recovery Miroslav D. Sokić1, Vladan D. Milošević1, Velizar D. Stanković2, Vladislav Lj.Matković1, Branislav R. Marković1 1Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials, Belgrade, Serbia 2University of Belgrade, Technical Faculty, Bor, Serbia