zhang florida phosphate mining


Bone Valley - Wikipedia

The Bone Valley is a region of central Florida, encompassing portions of present-day Hardee, Hillsborough, Manatee, and Polk counties, in which phosphate is mined for use in the production of agricultural fertilizer. Florida currently contains the largest known deposits of phosphate in the United States . 4 Risks of mining. 7 External links. Florida Institute of Phosphate Research (FIPR) documents state "Mining has been moving south since Florida Phosphate mining began." The 100,000-acre central Florida phosphate district is known as Bone Valley because of the fossilized bones of prehistoric animals that have been found in the mine pits on top of the phosphate layer (think ...

Florida Phosphate Pollution Stirs Alarm - The New York Times

Jul 24, 1976· But now she lives with a new symbol of potential hazards from the phosphate mining—a 6‐by‐6‐inch blue card with a thumb‐sized glassine patch on it, glued high on the wall of her sewing room. Central Florida's groundwater and aquifers are becoming extinct by watershed destruction via phosphate strip mining operations. Florida's natural watersheds, known to the Florida phosphate mining industry as phosphate overburden, are being destroyed for the beginnings of a phosphate …

Mining Phosphorus - Florida Phosphate Film - YouTube

Aug 28, 2019· Phosphorus, the most critical element in modern agriculture, has been acquired through phosphate strip mining in Florida for over a century, but Florida's phosphate is quickly running out. Mar 14, 2017· Central Florida is home to some of the biggest phosphate mining operations in the world, and the industry says that without it, food production as we know it would cease.

Patrick Zhang - Research Director - Florida Industrial and ...

Patrick Zhang Research Director at Florida Industrial and Phosphate Research Institute Bartow, Florida 500+ connections Florida's phosphate industry practices also illustrates the industry's cavalier attitude concerning reclamation projects and is known to be poor environmental stewards of the Florida landscape. Phosphate Mining And Sinkholes. In the southwestern part of the county, fluctuations in water use related to phosphate mining have had a major impact on ...

Phosphate Mining and its Effect on the Environment ...

Jan 03, 2019· Most of the phosphate fertilizer used in the US has an origin in Florida. Mosaic's New Wales phosphate plant from the border of the property outside of Mulberry, Florida. Though phosphorus fertilizer can be made from bone meal and manures, mineral sources of phosphate are cheaper. This is where Mosaic and phosphate mining come into play. Mining in Central FL Union County Got us Started In late January of 2016, news broke that the four most prominent families of the Union/ Bradford area (Hazen, Howard, Pritchett, Shadd) had been designing a plan to mine phosphate on approximately 11,000 acres under the LLC of HPSII Phosphate.

Column: It's time to rein in Florida's phosphate strip mining

Florida is starting to wake up to its massive phosphate mining problem. Phosphate mining has not only scarred the face of Florida but created the perpetual threat of contaminated water being ... minerals Article Rare Earth and Phosphorus Leaching from a Flotation Tailings of Florida Phosphate Rock Haijun Liang 1,2, Patrick Zhang 2,*, Zhen Jin 2 and David W. DePaoli 3 1 School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China; [email protected] 2 Florida Industrial and Phosphate Research Institute, Florida Polytechnic University, Bartow, FL 33830, USA;

Phosphate: A Critical Resource Misused and Now Running Low ...

And phosphate mining in Florida, which is home to the world's largest phosphate mine, is being challenged by environmentalists concerned about its impact on waterways and drinking water supplies. Already, like other key commodities with once-dominant sources running low, the price of phosphate is starting to yo-yo alarmingly. Prices spiked at ... In Florida, the phosphate rock is extracted by a process referred to as strip-mining. Unlike mining in other states, phosphate deposits are found closer to the surface, about 30-40 feet below ground. Sandy topsoil, also known as overburden, is removed by large digging machines called draglines.

Old Florida: Ft. Meade and Phosphates

Oct 29, 2014· According to wikipedia, phosphate refers to rock or ore containing phosphate ions that are mined for use for industry and agriculture. Ft. Meade is located in what is known as Bone Valley, an area comprising portions of Hardee, Hillsborough, Manatee and Polk Counties.The name Bone Valley refers to the deposits of fossilized bones, many of which have been discovered during the phosphate mining ... Many questions are asked by the mining and regulatory commun... Hydrologic simulation of clay‐settling areas in the phosphate mining district, Florida - Zhang - 2012 - Hydrological Processes - …

Suit alleges phosphate company knowingly developed homes ...

Mar 14, 2017· Central Florida is home to some of the biggest phosphate mining operations in the world, and the industry says that without it, food production as we know it would cease. He's done groundbreaking research on photo-chemical degradation and destruction of cyanide and other contaminants produced by mining. In states like Florida, with its rich history of phosphate mining, land reclamation raises challenges of erosion prevention, soil stabilization, water contamination, and controlling air emissions of metals and ground-based radiation.

An Overview of Phosphate Mining and Reclamation in Florida

The Process of Phosphate Mining in Florida Phosphate mining in Florida is a strip-mining process. Overburden, the layers of material above the phosphate, is removed to expose the phosphate reserve (matrix). Before mining, exploratory cores are taken to measure the depth of the overburden and the thickness of the phosphate matrix. This coring In 1906, CPC began phosphate mining on a 2,500-acre tract of land near Plant City, Florida. Mining operations ceased in 1940. In 1946, CPC began producing "Coronet Defluorinated Phosphate" (CDP), at a manufacturing facility (the Main Plant) in the southern portion of the 2,500-acre tract.

PCS Phosphate Mine Special and Renewal Permits, Jasper, FL ...

PCS Phosphate Mine Special and Renewal Permits, Jasper, FL 2018-01-23 While residents of Union and Bradford Counties, Florida try to fight off the proposed HPS II phosphate mine on the New and Santa Fe Rivers, Hamilton County faces renewal and modification of permits for the PCS Phosphate mine, near White Springs and the Suwannee River. Phosphate has been mined in Florida for more than 100 years. We've known that phosphate rock is radioactive for nearly as long. But, scientific study of the potential health problems associated with phosphate mining is relatively recent. Florida's soils have naturally occurring radioactivity.

(PDF) Rare Earth Element Recovery from Acidic Extracts of ...

Florida phosphate mining materials using mineral and organic acids. The REEs were then recovered at high e ffi ciencies using a chelating polymer, 1-octadecene, polymer with 2,5-furandione, sodium U.S. EPA study on old phosphate mining and processing sites remains incomplete For the past several decades, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has kept 21 old, Central Florida phosphate mining and processing sites on a list of industrial sites that warrant evaluation to determine if they should get cleanups under the Superfund program.

Phosphate Mining Threatens Our Homes, Families ...

In Florida, the process pictured above is known as strip-mining. Phosphate rock is extracted about 30-40 feet (or more) below the surface using machines called draglines. The mining company assaults the land for years and, when they are done, they're required to "return it to a usable state again." Recommended Citation. Patrick Zhang, Jan Miller, David DePaoli, and Mei Yang, "Rare Earths Occurrence in Florida Phosphate Ore and Their Fate during Mining and Chemical Processing" in "Beneficiation of Phosphates VIII", Dr. Patrick Zhang, Florida Industrial and Phosphate Research Institute, USA Professor Jan Miller, University of Utah, USA Professor Laurindo Leal Filho, Vale …

A Sinking Feeling about Florida's Phosphate Mines ...

Oct 17, 2016· Editor's Note: The bad news keeps coming about Florida's phosphate strip-mining industry. Mosaic, the world's largest phosphate company, made headlines around the world when a giant sinkhole opened up in August in a towering stack of acidic, radioactive phosphate mining waste. The sinkhole sent a reported 215 million gallons of polluted water into the underground fresh water … Florida phosphate mining materials using mineral and organic acids. The REEs were then recovered at high e ffi ciencies using a chelating polymer, 1-octadecene, polymer with 2,5-furandione, sodium

Phosphate Mining in Florida - Sierra Club

Phosphate mining companies own or have mineral rights to over 400,000 acres, mostly in the Peace and Myakka River watersheds, with mining projects planned for over 62,000 acres. Approximately 340,000 acres have already been mined in Florida yet fewer … Aug 28, 2019· Phosphorus, the most critical element in modern agriculture, has been acquired through phosphate strip mining in Florida for over a century, but Florida's phosphate is quickly running out.

Phosphate - Wikipedia

Chemical properties. The phosphate ion has a molar mass of 94.97 g/mol, and consists of a central phosphorus atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms in a tetrahedral arrangement. It is the conjugate base of the hydrogen phosphate ion H(PO 4) 2−, which in turn is the conjugate base of the dihydrogen phosphate ion H 2 (PO 4) −, which in turn is the conjugate base of orthophosphoric acid, H Florida phosphate mining dates back to the first hard rock deposits found near Hawthorne in Alachua County in 1883. Endurance was imperative in the early years when phosphate mining was done with wheelbarrows, picks and shovels. Next came mule-drawn scrapers. Mechanized excavation began between 1900 and 1905 with steam shovels.

Occidental Petroleum Building Big Phosphate Plant in Florida

The Occidental Petroleum Cor­poration began construction yesterday of a $10 million phos­phate mining facility in Hamil­ton County, Fla. The deposits of phosphate in the mine area are estimated ... Apr 26, 2017· It's the biggest phosphate company in the world and a major presence in Florida. Mosaic is currently mining phosphate rock on more than 70,000 of the 380,000 acres it owns in Manatee ...

Minerals | Free Full-Text | Rare Earth Element Recovery ...

To meet the growing global demand for rare earth elements (REEs), nontraditional mining sources of these metals are being investigated. Phosphate ore and phosphate mining wastes have been identified as possible alternative sources to REEs. In this study, REEs were extracted from Florida phosphate mining materials using mineral and organic acids. The REEs were then recovered at high ... Central Florida Phosphate Mining District (Bone Valley), Polk Co., Florida, USA : Heklaite from the area is an unintentional synthetic in industrial waste piles, a product of reaction between clay minerals and the hydrofluoric acid-rich byproducts of superphosphate fertilizer ...

The Clock is Ticking on Florida's Mountains of Hazardous ...

Apr 26, 2017· It's the biggest phosphate company in the world and a major presence in Florida. Mosaic is currently mining phosphate rock on more than 70,000 of the 380,000 acres it owns in Manatee ... Four Corners Lonesome Mine_DEP Staff Jessica Duke_Dragline Phosphate Mining HPB4.jpg Florida's Phosphate MinesThere are 27 phosphate mines in Florida, covering more than 450,000 acres. Nine phosphate mines are currently active. Nine mines are 100 percent reclaimed and released from reclamation obligations. The remaining mines are either not started or are shut down.

Phosphate mining in the United States - Wikipedia

In 2015, 27.6 million metric tons of marketable phosphate rock, or phosphorite, was mined in the United States, making the US the world's third-largest producer, after China and Morocco.The phosphate mining industry employed 2,200 people. The value of phosphate rock mined was US$2.2 billion.. As of 2015, there are 10 active phosphate mines in four states: Florida, North Carolina, Idaho, and Utah. FIPR Institute 1855 West Main Street Bartow, Florida USA 33830 (863) 534-7160