sodium sulfate usgs


Mineral Commodity Summaries 2000--Sodium sulfate

157 SODIUM SULFATE Events, Trends, and Issues: Data reporting from the natural sodium sulfate company that has an operation in Texas was terminated in mid-1998 at the company's request, resulting in the suspension of the U.S. Geological Survey's Anhydrous sodium sulfate (Na2SO4) is typically used in organic chemistry as a drying agent. After aqueous extractions the organic layer always has a certain amount of water left in it. Adding anhydrous sodium sulfate removes this water by forming the sodium sulfate hydrate, which conveniently is also a solid allowing it to be filtered away.

USGS-Minerals_Sodium_Sulfate Info Page

Subscribe to USGS-Minerals_Sodium_Sulfate by filling out the following form. You will be sent email requesting confirmation, to prevent others from gratuitously subscribing you. This is a hidden list, which means that the list of members is available only to the list administrator. Sodium Sulfate Anhydrous is the anhydrous, sodium salt form of sulfuric acid.Sodium sulfate anhydrous disassociates in water to provide sodium ions and sulfate ions. Sodium ion is the principal cation of the extracellular fluid and plays a large part in the therapy of fluid and electrolyte disturbances. Sodium sulfate anhydrous is an electrolyte replenisher and is used in isosmotic solutions ...

Sodium sulphate, its sources and uses (eBook, 1923 ...

COVID-19 Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID-19) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this WorldCat.org search.OCLC's WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle … Borax, salt, and sodium sulfate were produced as coproducts of sodium carbonate production in California. Chemical caustic soda, sodium bicarbonate, and sodium sulfite were manufactured as coproducts at several of the Wyoming soda ash plants. Sodium bicarbonate was produced at an ... U.S. Geological Survey, Mineral Commodity Summaries, January ...

Sodium sulfate - Wikipedia

Sodium sulfate (also known as sodium sulphate or sulfate of soda) is the inorganic compound with formula Na 2 SO 4 as well as several related hydrates.All forms are white solids that are highly soluble in water. With an annual production of 6 million tonnes, the decahydrate is a major commodity chemical product. It is mainly used for the manufacture of detergents and in the … Sodium Sulfate Stone Strontium Sulfur Talc Tantalum Tellurium Thallium Thorium Tin Titanium Tungsten Vanadium Vermiculite Yttrium Zinc Zirconium MINERAL COMMODITY SUMMARIES 2009. ... Each chapter of the 2009 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS…

METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF DISSOLVED …

METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF DISSOLVED CHLORIDE, NITRATE, AND SULFATE IN NATURAL WATER USING ION CHROMATOGRAPHY By Terry I. Brinton, Ronald C. Antweiler, and Howard E. Taylor U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Open-File Report 95-426A Denver, Colorado 1996 listserv.usgs.gov Mailing Lists: Welcome! Below is a listing of all the public mailing lists on listserv.usgs.gov. Click on a list name to get more information about the list, or to subscribe, unsubscribe, and change the preferences on your subscription.

North Dakota Geological Survey - Department of Mineral ...

Grossman, I.G., 1949, The sodium sulfate deposits of western North Dakota, a progress report: North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigation no. 1, 66 p. Lavine, Irvin, Report of sodium sulfate investigation--Report to the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, Project no. S-F2-48: University of North Dakota, 38 p. This Hydrologic Atlas shows concentrations of calcium, sodium (or sodium plus potassium), sulfate, and chloride in stream water of 11 of the Western States, regardless of the sources from which the mineral constituents came. The maps are, in a sense, a historical summary, showing concentrations observed to 1956 and reported in published references.

Saltex - America's Sodium Sulfate Suplier

Saltex - America's Sodium Sulfate Supplier. Saltex combines the dedicated sodium sulfate production capacity of Cooper Natural Resources with the sodium sulfate byproduct resources and long term byproduct experience of Giles Chemical. These combined resources rank Saltex as North America's second-largest sodium sulfate marketer. Sodium sulfate, also known as sulfate of soda, is the inorganic compound with formula Na2SO4 as well as several related hydrates. All forms are white solids that are highly soluble in water. With an annual production of 6 million tonnes, the decahydrate is a major commodity chemical product. It is mainly used for the manufacture of detergents and in the kraft process of paper pulping.

qsb.usgs.gov

Standard Reference Sample Project ; STANDARD REFERENCE SAMPLE TYPES - Trace element sample: chlorinated with sodium hypochlorite and acidified with nitric acid Major ion sample: chlorinated with sodium hypochlorite Precipitation (low ionic-strength) sample: unpreserved snowmelt Nutrient (low concentration) sample: unpreserved; keep refrigerated … Sodium sulphate has 32 % Na, compared to sodium bicarbonate which has 27% sodium. So 16% less product is required to reach the same DEB level because 1kg of sodium bicarbonate can be replaced by 0.84kg of sodium sulphate. With sodium sulphate, the cost of Sodium in the formulation can be reduced by at least 30% (depending on market conditions).

Search Active mines and plants - USGS

Search Active mines and plants. Search here for records in the Active Mines and Plants database. If you know the name of the site, you can enter it, otherwise just leave that blank. Select a state, commodity, or both from the pull-down lists if you wish. The search is … Elevated nitrate (NO 3) and sulfate (SO 4) in surface water are of global concern, and studies are needed to generate toxicity data to develop environmental guideline values for NO 3 and SO 4.The present study was designed to fill existing gaps in toxicity databases by determining the acute and/or chronic toxicity of NO 3 (tested as NaNO 3) to a unionid mussel (Lampsilis siliquoidea), a midge ...

Our Salt Production, Packaging, and ... - Compass Minerals

We produce rock salt from underground mines using both drill-and-blast and continuous mining techniques. Our rock salt mines are located between 500 feet and 1,800 feet below ground, and our mine in Goderich, Ontario, is the largest rock salt mine in the world.Our mines have extensive, consistent reserves with decades of remaining production. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 076-01 Online Version 1.0. Coal Combustion Products. By Rustu S. Kalyoncu and Donald W. Olson. Coal-burning powerplants, which supply more than half of U.S. electricity, also generate coal combustion products, which can be both a resource and a disposal problem. The U.S. Geological Survey collaborates with the American Coal Ash …

WRIR 02-4045, Part2 - USGS

Lee proposed three general trends in the major-ion composition of ground water as it flows away from recharge areas as well as the geochemical processes that might produce the trends. The three trends are: (1) enrichment in sodium and sulfate, (2) enrichment in sodium and depletion of sulfate, and (3) depletion of sodium and sulfate. Sep 08, 2017· What is Sodium Sulfate? Sodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4) is the sodium salt of sulfuric acid.. Anhydrous sulfate is a white crystalline solid also known as the mineral thenardite, while the decahydrate Na 2 SO 4.10H 2 O has been known as Glauber's salt or mirabilis.. Na 2 SO 4.7H 2 O is transformed to mirabilite when it is cooled. Mirabilite is the natural mineral form of the decahydrate.

Search the Mineral Resources Data System - USGS

Mineral Resources Data System; Search the Mineral Resources Data System. Search here for records in the USGS Mineral Resource Data System database. Type the beginning of the name of the site, and select a state if you wish. The search will not show more than 10000 records. Enter only what you know, leave the other fields blank. Elevated nitrate (NO3) and sulfate (SO4) in surface water are of global concern, and studies are needed to generate toxicity data to develop environmental guideline values for NO3 and SO4. The present study was designed to fill existing gaps in toxicity databases by determining the acute and/or chronic toxicity of NO3 (tested as NaNO3) to a unionid mussel (Lampsilis siliquoidea), a …

Quality of Ground Water - USGS

The most common dissolved mineral substances are sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, and sulfate. In water chemistry, these substances are called common constituents. Water typically is not considered desirable for drinking if the quantity of dissolved minerals exceeds 1,000 mg/L (milligrams per liter). The reason for this is that the origin and geology of sodium sulfate deposits are major subjects by themselves, as is the economic extraction of the brine or ore deposits. The chapter also provides a table for the purpose of estimating natural sodium sulfate production rates for various countries, as prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Sodium tetradecyl sulfate (sodium l-isobutyl-4-ethyloctyl sulfate) is a synthetic long chain fatty acid that has seen extensive industrial use as a synthetic surfactant (soap). It is sold for medical use as a solution of up to 3% concentration with 2% benzoyl alcohol used as a stabilant. Great Salt Lake. Sedimentary mineral deposit in Utah, United States containing potash, magnesia, lithium, sodium sulfate

Temporal changes in sulfate, chloride, and sodium ... - USGS

Trend analyses of 20 years or more of chemical quality and streamflow data for four streams in eastern Pennsylvania indicate that sulfate has decreased significantly in three of the four basins studied, while sodium and chloride have generally increased. The majority of chemical quality changes occurred in the late 1950 's and early 1960 's coincident with significant cultural … Additional Physical Format: Online version: Wells, Roger Clark, 1877-1944. Sodium sulphate. Washington : Govt. Print. Office, 1923 (OCoLC)654531682

Soda Ash Statistics and Information - USGS

Soda ash is the trade name for sodium carbonate, a chemical refined from the mineral trona or sodium-carbonate-bearing brines (both referred to as "natural soda ash") or manufactured from one of several chemical processes (referred to as "synthetic soda ash"). It is an essential raw material in glass, chemicals, detergents, and other important industrial products. Sodium sulfate is generally free-flowing and crystalline in form. It is also hygroscopic, meaning that humidity and temperature may impact its flow. If the sodium sulfate is being pneumatically conveyed into a processing system, the blower used to move sodium sulfate through the air line must be sized to meet the demands of the system.

Mineral Commodity Summaries 2002--Sodium sulfate

Sodium sulfate demand continued to decline in 2001. Although powdered home laundry detergents may contain as much as 50% sodium sulfate in their formulation, the market for liquid detergents, which do not contain any sodium sulfate, continued to grow. Sodium sulfate consumption in the textile industry also has been declining because of The most common dissolved mineral substances are sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, and sulfate. In water chemistry, these substances are called common constituents. Water typically is not considered desirable for drinking if the quantity of dissolved minerals exceeds 1,000 mg/L (milligrams per liter).

Sodium Sulfate Statistics and Information - USGS

Sodium sulfate, also known as disodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4 ), is an inorganic chemical that has several important industrial uses. It is produced from naturally occurring sodium-sulfate-bearing brines or crystalline evaporite deposits, and as a byproduct from different chemical processes, such as ascorbic acid, battery acid recycling, boric acid, cellulose, chromium chemicals, lithium carbonate ... The concentration of sodium sulfate and other salts in lakes in Alberta shows great variation, some lakes are virtually fresh whilst others are saturated with various salts. Lakes containing high concentrations of salts were found to be present only in depressions in glacial …

Chemical analyses for arsenic, calcium, chloride, sodium ...

This data table includes the data source, identifiers for sampled wells, properties in the vicinity of San Juan Coal Mine where wells are located, sampling date, and results of groundwater chemistry analyses for arsenic, calcium, chloride, sodium, sulfate, sulfide and dissolved solids in milligrams per liter. Search major deposits . Search here for records in the USGS major deposit database. Type the beginning of the name of the site, and select a country if you wish. Site name. located in …

MRDS by commodity - USGS

Abrasive: 29: Aggregate, Light Weight: 38: Aluminum: 3,243: Aluminum, Contained or Metal: 148: Aluminum, High Alumina Clay: 3: Andalusite: 2: Anthracite: 4: Antimony ... Sodium sulfate is the sodium salt of sulfuric acid. When anhydrous, it is a white crystalline solid of formula Na 2 SO 4 (molar mass: 142.04 g/mol) and is soluble in water. Its density is 2.66 g/cm³. The melting and boiling points of anhydrous sodium sulfate are 884 and 1429 °C, respectively.